115. If you have given evidence to a witness who does not want to testify orally out of fear in court, the court may allow the written testimony to be admitted into evidence.39 (see Exceptions to the hearsay rule). 107. If the defence wishes to hear a witness whom you intend to name, you may inform him that he or she has the option of testifying before the defence. If the witness is willing to make a statement to the defence, you should suggest to the defence that, subject to the consent of the witness, you also be present when this happens.29 Section 10 of the Charter requires that a person be informed of his or her right to counsel before being heard. Before an accused is informed of his or her right to legal representation, all statements he or she makes are considered unintentionally coerced and inadmissible as evidence. After being informed of their right to legal representation, the accused may choose to answer questions voluntarily, and these statements would be admissible. It is important that the date of any photo or video is clear and available. ONRECORD accurately records the date and time of uploaded evidence. The time and location of photos or videos you take with your mobile device can be proven using the removable image file (EXIF), if you have allowed your camera to save locations. The U.S. Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure define testimony as: « (1) written testimony that the witness makes and signs or otherwise accepts or approves; (2) an essentially textual reproduction, recorded simultaneously, of the oral testimony of the witness contained in a recording or a transcription of a recording; or (3) the witness` testimony before a grand jury, regardless of how it was recorded or recorded, or a transcript of that testimony.
 Statements or writings offered to confirm the testimony of a witness are not offered for the veracity of the alleged case and are therefore not excluded by Rule 801. See, for example, State v. Thompson, 250 N.C. App. 158 (2016) (victim impact statements to officer were admissible to confirm admitted statements to health workers treating them at the time of the attacks); State v. Royster, 237 N.C. App. 64 (2014) (recordings of telephone calls from prison witnesses were admissible in the murder trial to confirm the witness` testimony that the accused shot the victim); State v. Johnson, 209 N.C. App. 682 (2011) (admission of prior written testimony was permitted if it did not contain hearsay testimony); State v.
Tellez, 200 N.C. App. 517 (2009) (« Evidence presented for corroboration rather than substantive evidence is not excluded as hearsay »); State v. Guice, 141 N.C. App. 177 (2000) (« The trial court did not admit the written statement as substantive evidence, but only for the limited purpose of corroborating evidence, which is not hearsay. »); State v. Coffey, 326 N.C. 268 (1990) (statements about what the child said were admissible to corroborate the mother`s testimony); State v. Riddle, 316 N.C. 152 (1986) (« Collins` testimony was not offered to prove the truth of the alleged case . However, Pamela was only offered to prove that Pamela had made such a statement to Collins. The testimony was therefore not hearsay objectionable.
97. The Juvenile Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999 introduced a number of measures to facilitate the collection and testimony of vulnerable and intimidated witnesses. These measures are collectively referred to as « special measures ». 41. In other words, it is necessary to examine whether the evidence in question is evidence that a defendant was compelled to produce (e.g. a compelled statement) or evidence that already existed if the coercive power has the effect of bringing that evidence to the attention of the court (for example, of a corporation`s documents). There are other, less common exceptions to hearsay, and federal courts (and each state) have their own rules of evidence that apply to hearsay, but the above list is common to most. Writing an affidavit is similar to a statement.
A « deponent » is a person who makes truthful statements in a statement that testifies under oath outside the court. Depositors are also called witnesses and provide information before the case goes to court. In some cases, either party could use the information in court. 40. The Court of Appeal stated9 that a distinction must be made between the compulsory production of documents or other material which existed independently of the will of the suspect or accused person and the statements they had to make under duress. If you have suffered physical harm, a medical record from a GP or counsellor, which lists, for example, the injuries you have sustained, how long they are likely to last, what impact it has had on you and your lifestyle. Ideally, there should be a letter of instruction to the doctor asking specific questions. Make sure everything you need to know is in the letter and that the report answers all questions. If something has been missed, ask for it to be corrected before each hearing. In addition to the statutory exceptions to hearsay listed above, there are many situations where an applicant`s statement is admissible solely because it does not fall within the scope of Rule 801 and therefore cannot be excluded.