Under Pennsylvania law, a defendant is held strictly responsible for the crime of rape, a first-degree felony if the plaintiff is 12 years of age or younger. Pennsylvania has issued several other sexual offenses with strict liability if the plaintiff is under 16 but 13 or older. A common misconception about legal rape is that state codes define a single age at which a person can legally consent to sex. Only 12 states have a uniform age of consent, below which a person cannot consent to sexual intercourse under any circumstances, and above which it is legal to have sexual intercourse with another person beyond the age of consent. In Massachusetts, for example, the age of consent is 16. In some countries, there is a derogation for near-ages. Some states require this to allow an exception when consensual sexual relations involve a person or minors and the partners are close in old age. The age of majority is defined as the age at which a person is considered to be of full age. The only minimum age for a perpetrator of first-degree rape/criminal sexual act with a victim under the age of 11 (NY Penal Law §§ 130.35  & 130.50 ), first- and second-degree sexual abuse (NY Penal Law §§ 130.65  & 130.60 ) and sexual misconduct (NY Penal Law § 130.20) is provided by the Child Defense in NY Penal Law § 30.00 (1).
This age is 16 years. A person under this age may be convicted as a juvenile delinquent, but may not commit these crimes. On the other hand, a 16-year-old commits a crime by voluntarily having sex with a person who cannot legally consent to have sex, including another 16-year-old, even if that « victim » is actually older. (People v. Bowman, 88 Misc. 2d 50; 387 N.Y.S.2d 982 [City Crim. Ct. 1976]; Jessie v. case, 164 A.D.2d 731; 565 N.Y.S.2d 941 [4 Dept., 1991].) In fact, reciprocity crimes are committed when two 16-year-old single girls from New York State voluntarily have sex with each other, each being the « victim » of the other. Young people aged 13, 14 and 15 can legally work with partners under the age of 4. These partners could not be prosecuted under rape laws, but can be held responsible for other crimes, even if the sexual activity is consensual.
 The laws were designed to prosecute people who are much older than the victims, rather than adolescents who are older; As a result, prosecutors rarely prosecuted teens in relationships with other teens, though the wording of the laws made some teen-to-teen relationships illegal. After Landry and Forrest`s 1995 study concluded that men aged 20 and older produced half of the teenage pregnancies of girls aged 15 to 17, states began enforcing age of consent laws more strictly to combat teenage pregnancy and prevent adults from taking advantage of minors.  California`s rape law is violated when a person has consensual sex with a person under the age of 18 who is not their spouse. Sentences vary depending on the age of the victim and the perpetrator. Separate offences exist for sodomy with minors and sexual intercourse with a child under the age of 14 if the abuser is at least seven years older. (a) A person is guilty of third-degree sexual assault if: In the United States, the age of consent is the legal age at which a person is considered mature enough to consent to sexual intercourse. However, the actual age is determined by the laws of each state. Sexual intercourse with a person under the legal age of consent of the State is considered legal rape because rape is generally defined as sexual intercourse without the consent of the other and anyone under the age of consent does not have the opportunity to consent in the eyes of the law. This is true in some jurisdictions, even though both partners themselves are below the age of consent and both parties could technically be sued. It is illegal for a person of any age to have sex with a child under the age of 13 to whom they are not married. In addition, we would like to thank a number of evaluators for their support. Sarah Brown, Eva Klain and Brenda Rhodes Miller provided valuable advice and insight into legal issues and the policy implications of laws and reporting obligations.
Their comments improved both the content and organization of the document. (1) not defined in paragraphs C to E of this section in respect of a child between thirteen and sixteen years of age, if the offender is at least eighteen years of age and at least four years older than the child and not the child`s spouse; or: An adult is held legally responsible for their own actions, such as signing a contract or committing a crime. Before reaching this age, a person is considered a minor child. However, chapter 272, section 4, sets another age of consent at 18 if the victim is « chaste » and provoked by the perpetrator. Another populous state, the Texas Statutory Rape Act, is violated when a person has consensual sex with a person under the age of 17. While there is no near-age exception, there are possible defences if the perpetrator is no more than three years older than the victim and is of the opposite sex.